Know What is Piles?

Piles are another term for hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are gatherings of reddened tissue in the anal canal. They contain blood vessels, sustenance tissue, muscle, and flexible strands. Piles are inflamed and swollen collections of tissue in the anal area.

They can have a range of sizes, and they may be internal or external. Internal piles are normally located between 2 and 4 centimeters (cm) above the opening of the anus, and they are the more common type. External piles occur on the outside edge of the anus.

External piles form small lumps on the outside edge of the anus. They are very itchy and can become painful if a blood clot develops, as the blood accumulation can block the course of blood. Exterior piles, or hemorrhoids that have clotted, require instantaneous medicinal action.

As you get older, you’re at greater risk of hemorrhoids. That’s because the tissues that support the veins in your rectum and anus can weaken and stretch. This can also happen when you’re pregnant, because the baby’s weight puts pressure on the anal region.

Complications of hemorrhoids are very rare but include:

  • Rarely, chronic blood loss from hemorrhoids may cause anemia, in which you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to your cells.
  • Strangulated hemorrhoid.┬áIf the blood source to an interior hemorrhoid is cut off, the hemorrhoid may be “strangulated,” another cause of extreme pain.